In the world of user experience design, it's easy to get caught up in the well-known principles and guidelines. But there are many lesser-known UX principles that can also have a significant impact on the user experience. In this article, we'll delve into some uncommon UX principles that you may not be familiar with, but are worth considering in your design process. By going beyond the basics, you can enhance the usability, accessibility, and overall effectiveness of your designs.
Affordances: This principle refers to the way that an object's design allows a user to understand how to use it. For example, a doorknob affords turning and a button affords pressing.
Mapping: This principle refers to the way that elements in a design correspond to elements in the real world. A good map should accurately reflect the layout of a city, for example.
Constraints: This principle refers to the limitations that are placed on a user's actions in a design. For example, a form may only allow a user to input a certain type of data or may limit the number of characters that can be entered.
Feedback: This principle refers to the way that a design communicates information to the user. Feedback can be visual, auditory, or tactile, and can include error messages, progress indicators, and confirmation messages.
Fitts's Law: This principle states that the time it takes for a user to move their cursor to a specific target is a function of the distance to the target and the size of the target. This can be used to design user interfaces that are easy to navigate.
The Von Restorff Effect: This principle states that items that stand out from their surroundings are more likely to be remembered. This can be used to design interfaces that are visually distinctive and memorable.
The Gestalt Principles: These principles describe how people perceive and organize visual elements in a design. The principles include similarity, proximity, closure, continuation, and figure-ground.